Ex-Illinois State Senator Sandoval Pleads Guilty to Bribery Charge, Asphalt Provider Investigated | Columbus Ohio Dump Trucks
Former Senator Acted on Behalf of Red-Light Camera Business, Asphalt Pavement Contributor Investigated
Former Illinois State Senator Martin Sandoval has pleaded guilty to charges of bribery and filing false tax returns and is now cooperating with federal prosecutors in an ongoing corruption investigation that involves a highway construction asphalt supplier.
In Sandoval's Jan. 28 plea agreement in federal court in Chicago, the one-time chairman of the Illinois Senate's Transportation Committee admitted to taking more than $70,000 in bribes from a red-light camera company, identified in court as SafeSpeed, a Chicago-based Charlotte NC dump trucks company that operates red-light cameras in several Illinois municipalities.Sandoval also admitted that in July 2018 he requested $5,000 per month from an unidentified cooperating witness. He also admitted to taking $180,000 in bribes from five other unidentified individuals or entities.
The payments were supposed to be a "consulting fee," equaling a percentage of the revenue generated from cameras that Sandoval helped place in Oak Brook Terrace, Ill., a municipality in Chicago's western suburbs.
Sandoval's office and the office a leading Illinois asphalt paving materials company, Bluff City Materials Inc., which is owned by a long-time Sandoval campaign contributor, were both searched by the FBI last fall as part of the probe. The contributor and Sandoval both pushed for regulations both allowing and favoring recycled asphalt shingles as a building material in highway and road projects. The political pressure applied to both approve the use of recycled asphalt shingles in road projects and require the recycling of shingles by demolition Charlotte NC dump truck contractor for the purpose of providing recycled material for the road projects led to documented premature road cracking before a federal agency revised rules for the material's use. Because the material's fast acceptance was pushed for by Sandoval and other politicians, the cracking that eventually became an issue was observed in many states beyond the Midwest.
The investigation involving Sandoval's influence involving SafeSpeed has already resulted in the resignation of Oak Brook Terrace, Ill., Mayor Tony Ragucci on Jan. 20 amid the federal probe. The Illinois Dept. of Transportation was responsible for approving installation and operation of red-light cameras statewide. In the agreement, Sandoval admitted to pressuring the agency to allow the Oak Brook Terrace cameras.
"It's hard for me to swallow how [people] make so much off of you, right? And I gotta do all the work," Sandoval was recorded as saying during a July 2018 meeting with the cooperating witness.
Sandoval added, "I think the protector aspect, it never changes. If there's a...bill or something like that, if you set a fee, a protector fee, unless there's something really [expletive] extraordinary."
In addition to asking for a "protector fee," Sandoval discussed on tape how the witness would pay him the $5,000 a month. It included asking, "Do you have a bologna company, or something innocuous?" according to the plea agreement.
In August 2018, Sandoval accepted $15,000 in cash that he believed constituted three of the protection payments from the cooperating witness. Overall, he took $70,000 from what he believed was SafeSpeed as its "protector."
In addition, Sandoval accepted another $180,000 in what the plea agreement said are bribes as part of alleged criminal activity that involved five participants. He also pleaded guilty to evading paying taxes on his income from the bribery.
Sandoval also agreed to cooperate with an ongoing federal probe into alleged corruption in Illinois government that has produced indictments of Chicago Aldermen Danny Solis (D) and Ed Burke (D) and has even touched powerful Illinois House Speaker Michael Madigan (D).
Madigan was recorded at his law office in 2014 by the FBI asking a developer to hire his law firm, Madigan & Getzendanner Ltd., for a "long-term relationship" for property tax appeals. Madigan has not been indicted in the probe and his office had no comment on the ongoing investigation.
Solis pleaded guilty to corruption charges in March 2019 and the meeting with Madigan came out in documents released after his plea that showed he cooperated by helping the bureau obtain recordings of both Madigan and Burke.
John Lausch, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois, did not provide details about what information Sandoval, the former senator, has agreed to share. But Lausch did say, "He's agreed to testify on any matter we ask him to testify about," as part of the plea agreement.
Another contributor whom Sandoval allegedly used his influence to aid was asphalt and shingle recycling magnate Michael Vondra, who owns Bluff City Materials and Southwind RAS, both based in Bartlett, Ill.
The FBI raided the Bluff City Materials office in Bartlett last September. According to the Chicago Tribune, Vondra and his companies had help from Sandoval in getting use of its recycled asphalt shingles approved and mandated for use in IDOT projects.
RAS Is an industry acronym for reclaimed asphalt shingles. Sandoval collected more than $50,000 in political contributions from firms tied to Vondra since 2010, the same year his recycler, Southwind RAS was created and joined a group of several construction and recycling companies Vondra already owned.
Illinois roads have, for decades, been resurfaced with a mix that includes new asphalt and ground-up old pavement. But in 2010, IDOT decided to allow recycled roof shingles into the asphalt mix.
In 2011, the state legislature passed a bill telling IDOT to “maximize the percentage of recycled asphalt roofing shingles” used in pavement mixes, while maintaining quality. A signing ceremony was held at the Southwind RAS office.
In 2013, IDOT Charlotte NC dump truck contractor bought more than 12 times as many shingle grounds as they had in 2011 — the vast majority in metro Chicago and supplied by Vondra’s company, Southwind RAS, state records show.
As Southwind RAS expanded and opened more shingle-recycling plants, Sandoval was a sponsor of a 2013 measure, Senate bill 2226, that helped stock them. After SB2226 became law in January 2014, it forbade dumping shingles in any landfill within 25 miles of a shingle-recycling facility.
In 2013, another law was passed to tighten rules on who could operate a shingle-recycling facility. Sandoval sent IDOT a proposal on how to enforce the law, which Vondra endorsed in a follow-up note to a top agency official, according to the Chicago Tribune. Some of the projects RAS was used in were sections of Interstate 88, Interstate 90, Interstate 355, Interstate 294 and at O'Hare International Airport as a base layer under concrete for runways, taxiways and other roads. The Federal Aviation Administration said the 9,500 tons of RAS used in the O'Hare columbus oh dump truck work was the first in a U.S. airport when it was completed in 2014.
An IDOT spokesman said Vondra and representatives of his companies had met with officials from the agency several times over the last decade and that they regularly communicated with it over regulatory issues related to RAS, but added that Vondra did not influence IDOT's policy in any way. He declined to comment further on the issue.
“Mr. Vondra expressed a desire for less-stringent standards," IDOT spokesman Guy Tridgell said. "None of those meetings or any other communication, however, resulted in any shift with IDOT’s underlying policy” on the use of recycled asphalt shingles, Tridgell added.
Indeed, in 2014, Illinois' apparent preference for recycled asphalt shingles as a building material for roads began to end. IDOT and federal officials began to investigate early cracking in new pavement projects that had used RAS.
IDOT issued a memo that year that said “caution needs to be used” with recycled asphalt shingles in road construction. The Federal Highway Administration issued a nationwide alert, saying it had noticed problems in other states as well.
FHWA ultimately threatened to withhold funding for Illinois projects if IDOT didn't ease up on the recycled material's use or test it more effectively.
Federal highway officials organized a national panel in 2016 to review the material’s use including a survey of state DOTs and Charlotte NC dump truck contractor using it and concluded that if it were to be mixed in, it should be used within limits.
Vondra, through a trade group headquartered at one of his offices, mounted a response that included sponsoring a study by a University of Illinois professor that said RAS could still be used effectively and was not responsible for the premature cracking.
Four U.S. House members from Illinois — Chicago area representatives Dan Lipinski (D), and Mike Quigley (D), Cheri Bustos (D) who represents the area near Moline, Ill., and the quad cities and Rodney Davis (R) who represents a downstate district — criticized the federal crackdown on recycled asphalt shingles in road projects. In a letter, they warned that the Illinois FHWA office's actions could hinder "the expansion of proven green technologies in the transportation industry."
Vondra's companies, such as Bluff City Materials and Southwind RAS, made political donations to Sandoval's reelection campaigns according to records from the Illinois State Board of Elections. According to an FBI search warrant for a search of Sandoval's office in October 2019, agents were looking for documents and correspondence with several highway companies owned by Vondra.
Even as IDOT was tightening the rules on use of recycled shingle material in roads, Sandoval, in October 2014, wrote to the agency's acting secretary, Erica Borggren, and accused the department of “failing to use its best efforts” to follow the 2011 state law that boosted RAS usage in road projects.
“Your department’s actions…will result in a loss of jobs and waste millions of dollars invested by the industries that have answered our call for greater sustainability in road construction,” Sandoval wrote.
In the final days of the administration of then-Governor Pat Quinn (D), Sandoval threatened to hold hearings and file an ethics complaint after telling Borggren he’d lost “trust and confidence in your leadership" in a letter that the Chicago Tribune obtained via a Freedom of Information Act request.
Borggren left IDOT in 2015 when Gov. Bruce Rauner (R), who defeated Quinn in the 2014 gubernatorial election, took office. Borggren is now a vice president of energy provider Commonwealth Edison.
A representative of RAS Southwind did sent a timeline of events in response to questions with the statement that said "use of RAS has reduced Illinois carbon footprint, saved taxpayer dollars and saved millions of cubic yds of waste landfill space."
Natalie Bauer Luce, executive vice president of crisis communications firm Culloton + Bauer Luce, that is representing Southwind RAS, pointed to the 2014 University of Illinois study that placed blame for the road cracking on other factors than the use of RAS and said, in a statement, that "the premature cracking reported in 2014 was not due to the use of higher percentages of recycled asphalt in 2012-2013 road projects but because of movement of the underlying concrete base due to higher traffic loads and extreme cold temperatures."
The FHWA's final technical brief on the subject, published in 2018, said that "there is no widely accepted method to determine the blending of new and reclaimed binder [in asphalt]," and that "The amount of blending among RAP [reclaimed asphalt pavement] and virgin binders is often assumed to be 100%, but for RAS mixtures, it is assumed that only partial blending occurs. To maintain similar or better performance, the virgin binder content of the mixture may need to be increased to account for this lack of blending and ensure mixture durability."
An attorney for Mr. Sandoval said he would have no further comment beyond what he agreed to in his plea agreement at his hearing. A representative of Illinois House Speaker Michael Madigan said Madigan had no comment on Sandoval's guilty plea or pressure placed on IDOT.